Before writing this post, I did a Youth Poll and select top 10 comments; written as it is, in their own words, at the end of the post! This post is just to give a short intro about Indian Political System (minus last 2 paragraphs). Hope you enjoy it!
Indian political system is quite new, recently developed and in words of ethical thinkers quite corrupt! Politics and concerning parties dates from India’s Independence (1947) and proclamation Constitution of India in 1950; biggest democracy as they name it!
In contrast to the constitution of Japan that has seen no amendments; the constitution of India is a much-amended national document. The last amendment is to insert Article 371J in the Constitution in 2013 which is to empower the Governor of Karnataka to take steps to develop the Hyderabad-Karnataka Region. Arising from disagreements between the Parliament and the Supreme Court or under pressure from political interest groups, each constitutional amendment has had implications for India’s politico-social system.
A political system is, a set of institutions, crowded by interest groups (such as political parties, trade unions, lobby groups) and provides dynamics of interaction among those groups. Foremost, it consists of the members of a social organisation (group) who are in power; also of interdependent components and peripheries of the milieu with which it interacts. Theoretically, a political system is regarded as the way a government makes policy and organizes administration. A political system, if sound, ought to ensure the maintaining of order and harmony in the society and provide institutions for addressing grievances and complaints of citizens at large.
The Lok Sabha, the most important element of India’s political system, modelled on the British House of Commons, is the Lower House of the Indian Parliament. The Rajya Sabha or the Council of States too is partly modelled on the British House of Lords or Upper House of Parliament but India’s federal system of government has many features similar to federalism as practiced by the United States.
The Head of State in India is the President, mostly a ceremonial position derived from the concept of constitutional monarchy of the United Kingdom. The President can return a Parliamentary Bill once for reconsideration and, in times of crisis such as a hung Parliament, President’s role becomes pivotal. The President can declare a state of emergency.
The head of the government is the Prime Minister, appointed by the President on nomination or election by the majority party or coalition of political parties in the Lok Sabha. The Prime Minister has to be a member of either House or get elected within six months if not a member at the time of appointment. The Ministers are then appointed by the President on the recommendation of the Prime Minister.
Though not mentioned in the Constitution, political parties are a most vital element of the Indian political system. India has been changing from a highly centralized. one political party-dominated system to an increasingly discrete polity with regional parties pulling in different directions. Political norms have been declining and politics in India is much rougher and much more corrupt than in the democracies of Europe and North America. Likewise, Judiciary and bureaucracy are steeped in corruption.
Unfortunately, the Indian political system has been unable to incorporate the multiple stakeholders of the complex Indian society. As a result, after 60+ years of Independence, our experiment with democracy is in peril. Currently, Indian democracy finds itself reduced to the ballot box, vote banks and populism. A constitution can provide only a framework; it is its institutions that infuse life into a democracy. The Indian political system was expected to produce accountable governments, conscientious ruling elites and democratically aware citizens. All this has not happened and as Galbraith’s put it, Indian democracy is a functioning anarchy.
"OUR POLITICAL SYSTEM IS LIKE A ROTTEN APPLE AND IF A GOOD APPLE WILL BE KEPT IN THE BASKET IT WILL ALSO GET SPOILT. SO WE MUST COME TOGETHER AND CREATE A NEW SYSTEM THAT IS UNBIASED, NOT CORRUPT AND OVERALL INTERESTS EVERYONE AND SHOULD BELONG TO NONE AND STILL BELONG TO EVERYONE.
By sumita , BUSINESS MANAGER
Creating a total new system will be a very risky task. It should be always better to be by being in the system change the system
By George Varghese, Proprietor
I completely agree with kejriwal an idea for a better India but does not know how to do it
By ZH Nirmall, 10th student
We've already seen what 'Arvind Kejriwal' tried and actually ended up doing! Creating a new system would end up in crap, as you're ignoring the fact that the system, we've been in, is quite powerful and can surely overthrow the upcoming. Let's see what Modi can do.
By Shubhradeep Majumdar, B.Sc student
THE BEST WAY TO is to follow the footprint laid by Arvind Kejriwal. Arvind Kejriwal is a highly educated person wants to remove the corruption from India. CORRUPTION IS THE ROOT CAUSE OF EVERY EVIL. VOTE FOR AAP......VOTE FOR KEJRIWAL
By sunil kumar, PROGRAMER, INS
Creating a new system without first trying everything possible to remove the flaws from the existing system would be a total waste of time and resources.
By Vandana Varma Azad, Freelancer, Teaching/Education
Instead of just cribbing the political system, use the power of vote and ensure right and effective people become part of system. This will ensure better governance.
By A. Rawat, B.Com student, IGNOU
Each and every educated youth must fight corruption, only way to fight corruption is come forward and Vote.100% Voting is the only way to fight Corruption. Youth must take a strong stand NO giving Bribes to anyone.
By vijaya shanbhag, Owner, Divyajeevan Designers
After being the part of the system you can know the actual flaws. So, i think for reconstruction of a new & better system it is essential to be the part of the system.
By Anubha Jain, partner, e-Solutions
Modification in the system is better than to make a new system.
By Siddhartha Gourab, B.Tech/B.E. student